Aging is a progressive, constant and gradual process of reducing the structure and function of organs and organ systems. There are different theories about aging, but it has been scientifically proven that chronological age is not the same as biological age, which means that every person ages differently. Thus, aging is a natural, normal physiological phenomenon, an irreversible individual process, which in some people progresses at different speeds and different ages. Aging is, therefore, a distinctly individual process that occurs in each person differently. Nor does it encompass all the organs and organ systems in the same person at the same time. Visible changes during the aging of the organism certainly appear in someone at an earlier age, and someone only in middle or old age. Functional aging is primarily a reflection of the biological, psychological, and social aging of the person, and is mainly conditioned by the genetic predisposition.
1. Foot/Joint Pain
The bone mineral composition is slowly beginning to lose its function after the age of 40. Namely, people with 60+ bones usually lose calcium and become thinner and more fragile, which increases the risk of injury and reduces the ability to recover quickly.
Unfortunately, the changes in bones are irreversible (irreparable). Treatment consists of reducing pain and muscle spasm, improving function, preventing contractures, and training for daily activities.
Most people who have chronic pain need a top foot pain specialist in Toronto. The therapeutic medical team usually consists of general practitioners or specialist pain therapists, and physiotherapists, who jointly create an individual therapeutic program for each patient.
2. Dental Issues
The aging process is just as difficult for our dental health as it is for the rest of the human body. Over the years teeth weaken and tend to crack. They become more fragile, and a large number of older people suffer from decreased muscle control which leads to difficulty in chewing and wearing dentures.
Although brushing your teeth is the most popular measure to maintain oral hygiene, it is far less commonly used in the elderly population than in the general population. 20% of people over the age of 65 have impaired health and are partially dependent on the support of the environment, while 10% of the elderly are completely dependent on other people’s help. Conditions that make oral hygiene difficult are tremors, inability to grasp the brush handle (Parkinson’s disease, arthritis, stroke), vision problems, and difficulty swallowing. To prevent these horrific conditions you must make an appointment and visit the dentist who will take care of any dental issues you might be dealing with and give you professional advice.
3. Thinning Hair
The problem of hair loss, which occurs in both men and women in older years, is not something that should worry you. The quality of hair simply changes over the years and no one is an exception. The most common form is alopecia, better known as baldness. This type of hair loss can occur as early as puberty, but most often in your 40s. This is mostly about genetics, and there is no need to look for reasons in medicine. For example, if a man starts losing his hair after the age of 50, it will likely be the same with his son. However, in certain cases, medicine can help slow down baldness – in men, but also when it comes to hair loss in menopausal women.
4. Fine Lines
External aging of the skin is caused by environmental factors. With age, even without the influence of external factors, the skin becomes pale, with visible wrinkles, without elasticity, flabby, and loses its tightness, because the number of collagen fibre, or fibroblasts, which produce collagen is reduced.
Vitamin C is an ideal solution to combat the loss of skin elasticity caused by oxidative stress. Vitamin C is the gold standard among antioxidants that prevent skin aging. Vitamin C acts on the skin by smoothing fine lines, the complexion becomes more even as vitamin C whitens the skin.
5. Eyesight Is Getting worse
As our physical strength weakens with age, so does our eyesight – especially once we reach our 60s. Some age-related eye changes, such as farsightedness, are completely normal and do not indicate any disease process. A cataract is also considered an age-related eye disease, it is very common among the elderly population and is easy to correct with surgery. However, part of the elderly population still experiences more serious eye diseases that can significantly affect the quality of our lives as we age. These conditions include glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. That is why it is recommended to visit your ophthalmologist at least once a year.